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About Swansea

Swansea in figures - key facts about Swansea.


  • Area: 378 sq. kilometres - approximately 66% rural and 34% urban (Office for National Statistics / ONS).
  • The City & County of Swansea consists of 36 Electoral Divisions or Wards, represented by 72 Councillors.
  • The city is the second largest in Wales and the regional centre for South West Wales.
  • Swansea is a centre of learning - home to Swansea University, University of Wales Trinity St. David and Gower College Swansea, which in total support over 20,000 full-time students.
  • Swansea contains around 111,300 dwellings, with 64% of all stock owner-occupied (March 2017, Welsh Government / WG Statistics).
  • The 2014 Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation identified 12% of Swansea's local areas as falling within the top 10% most deprived in Wales (WG).


  • Population: 244,500 (mid-2016, ONS estimates) - the second largest unitary authority in Wales - with a population density of 644 people per sq. km. (Wales: 150).
  • Official estimates suggest that between 2006 and 2016, Swansea's population increased by 13,700 - an average annual growth of around 1,400 people (0.6%).
  • 107,500 households live in Swansea (2016, WG), with an average household size of approximately 2.23 people (Wales 2.28).
  • 78% of the population were born in Wales, with 11.4% of people aged three and over able to speak Welsh (2011 Census, ONS).
  • The latest official estimates suggest a non-white ethnic population of around 14,300 - 6.0% of Swansea's total population (2011 Census). 
  • 34.4% of Swansea's residents (aged 16-64) are qualified to NVQ level 4 (Degree level) and above (2017, ONS) - Wales 35.1%.
  • Life expectancy at birth in Swansea now stands at 78.0 years for males (Wales 78.4) and 82.5 for females (Wales 82.3) (2013-15, ONS).


  • GVA (Gross Value Added) per head in Swansea stands at £18,892 (2016, ONS); 1.3% below the Wales level but 28.3% below the UK average.
  • 70.1% of Swansea's working age (16-64) residents are economically active, with 106,400 in employment (67.0% of working age) (December 2017, ONS).
  • 110,000 people work in Swansea, mostly (87.5%) in the service sectors, with 28.2% (31,100) employed in the public sector (2016, ONS). An estimated 32,600 people commute into Swansea each day (2017, ONS/WG).
  • Average (median) earnings for full-time workers in Swansea stand at £499.60 per week (2017, ONS).
  • 5,400 people (4.8% of the economically active population aged 16 and over) are unemployed (December 2017, ONS modelled estimates).
  • In March 2018, the average house sale price in Swansea was £142,679 - average for Wales £152,999 (ONS).
  • Estimates suggest 4.64 million people visited Swansea Bay in 2017 spending £417.85 million (Scarborough Tourism Economic Activity Model).

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A summary of the physical geography of the City and County of Swansea.

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